Espresso roast and filter roast are two common roast profiles used for brewing coffee, but they have distinct differences in flavor, aroma, and brewing method.
Espresso roast is typically a darker roast profile, roasted for a longer amount of time to achieve a deep, rich flavor with a noticeable crema. The roast profile of espresso beans is specifically designed for brewing under high pressure and in short time intervals, resulting in a concentrated shot of coffee with a full body and bold flavor. Espresso roast is commonly used in espresso-based drinks such as lattes, cappuccinos, and americanos.
Filter roast, on the other hand, is a lighter roast profile, roasted for a shorter amount of time to preserve the coffee's delicate flavors and aromas. This roast profile is designed for brewing methods that involve slower extraction times, such as drip coffee, pour-over, or French press. Filter roast typically produces a lighter-bodied coffee with a bright, clean flavor profile that allows for a more nuanced drinking experience.
In summary, while espresso roast is designed for brewing under high pressure and results in a concentrated, bold shot of coffee, filter roast is designed for slower extraction methods and produces a lighter, brighter cup with more delicate flavors and aromas. The choice between the two roast profiles ultimately depends on personal preference and brewing method.